After viewing the video testimonial above, try to answer the questions below. You can check your responses by clicking the plus sign.

Question 1: What was the cause of AD in this case?
Answer: AD developed as a result of blocked bladder catheter.
Question 2: Paramedics changed the position of the patient from supine to seated as a management of the AD. Was this action appropriate?
Answer: Yes. Elevating the head rest level or sitting a patient up are appropriate actions as this will typically elicit the orthostatic decrease in blood pressure and help to decrease the symptoms.
Question 3: In your opinion, what should the next action in management be in this case?
Answer: Assessment of the urinary bladder and possible blockage of the catheter should be performed next without delay. Unfortunately, in this case the patient had to wait for an additional 20 minutes before further assessment.


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